Study on Mental Health of Adolescent Children with Low School Attendance Rates in Nepal
Client: The World Bank
Scope of the Assignment: Telephone survey amongst 1,100 parents and their children under 18 yrs of age
In Nepal, between 11.2% and 13.2% of adolescents (13 – 16 years old) suffer from mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse with large treatment. This is particularly significant in the light of the Covid-19 pandemic which has forced significant changes in people’s lives such as restriction on movement, social isolation, school closure, job losses, fear of infection, and the increased exposure to death and morbidity that could have an adverse effect on mental wellbeing. In the absence of adequate mental healthcare, this is a serious problem, especially for adolescents. The effects of these disorders last well into adulthood and may be associated with school failure, criminality, drug and alcohol dependence, accidents, self-harm, risky sexual behavior, and other serious dysfunction in adult life. In the context of this situation, the World Bank undertook a study to evaluate the efficacy of a mental health program on the mental wellbeing of adolescent living in the districts of Kailali, Kavre and Surkhet. The study also aimed to evaluate the impact of better mental wellbeing on other outcomes such as school enrolment, attendance, and test through data collection activities carried out amongst the teachers/head teachers, adolescent children, and their parents. A total of 1100 households were selected which constituted of interviewing the adolescent parents and their children in these households. Apart from this, the study also involved conducting in-depth interviews with the teachers and head-teachers at government schools, as well as parents and adolescent children in the 3 districts.